typical dances of Ancash
they are part of its varied folk and historical heritage. In this coastal and mountainous department of Peru, the typical dances are a mixture of religious elements and pre-Hispanic traditions.
The typical dances of Ancash reflect the process of miscegenation that occurred after the arrival of the Spanish.
In this sense, religious festivals are the setting where each year these dances take center stage.
Each town in the region celebrates the festivities of its patron saint. These festivals follow a very similar pattern, lasting eight days.
These typical dances are an essential part of the various ritual events during the festivities.
More typical dances
More typical dances
One of the most widespread typical dances of Ancash is the wankillas. In Ancient Peru, the dance of the wankas (a sacred stone) was presented in certain ceremonial centers.
Currently these are carried out during the celebration of Our Lady of the Mercedes de Carhuaz. The celebrations begin on September 24 and end on October 3.
As for the dancers, they perform the dance in even numbers. His clothing is colorful, standing out for wearing metal bells in the leggings that produce a characteristic sound.
2- The black ones
The origins of this dance date back to colonial times, when black slaves were temporarily freed around Christmas.
These were organized by the priests to visit churches and demonstrate their worship of God through songs and dances. In return, they gave them food and drink.
Today, this celebration takes place in Ancash during the fiesta of Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes. The participants, Quechua peasants, wear black masks.
The dress for the dance consists of white shirts, black pants and red scarves on the shoulders.
The dancers often carry whips and bells, and are accompanied by a man disguised as a bull.
Huaridanza is another of the typical dances of Ancash that enjoys great popularity. It is believed that this dance came to the province of Huari from Pomabamba at the beginning of the 20th century.
This would be an agreement between the settlers of both provinces to give solemnity to their festivities in honor of their patron saint San Francisco de Asís.
Over time it acquired the style that characterizes it today. The group for this dance is made up of six dancers: a caporal and the vassals.
4- The shacshas
This dance is the most important in the province of Huaraz, capital of Ancash. It takes place within the framework of the Señor de la Soledad festival, from May 3 to 10.
The origin of this veneration dates from the colonial era, when it replaced a pre-Hispanic cult.
In his choreography reference is made to certain animals, some economic activities and cosmic figures.
This dance combines representations of the Andean mythical world and expressions of the Christian faith.
5- The antihuanquillas
The antihuanquillas join the typical dances of Ancash that are practiced during the festival of Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes.
It is performed with fourteen dancers, accompanied by harp and violins. The participants wear small ponchos and wear bells under their pants. They also use a cane to beat the beat.
6- Huanquillas de pomabamba
It dates back to the Wari Empire (700 – 1200 AD), being a military dance performed by soldiers before starting the battle. To give more majesty and aggressiveness to the dance they danced with their weapons (slings, arrows, bows, etc.) and thus surprise the enemy more.
Currently, those warlike dyes have been disappearing, being a joyful dance in which the young dancers show their skills with feet and hands while wearing colorful clothes.
Usually the clothing consists of a white shirt, a colored vest, blue pants and a presidential sash. In turn, on their heads they carry monterillas with flowers and mirrors.
7- Dance of the Pallas de Corongo
It is danced every year coinciding with Saint Peter’s Day (June 29). Declared since 2008 as Cultural Heritage of the Nation, it is one of the oldest dances known in the Ancash region.
Its origin is Inca and is characterized by the regional dresses of the dancers, made up of many colors and wide sleeves that are perfectly complemented by a headdress of flowers that they wear on their heads.
The dance is danced to the rhythm of a flute and drum, being a very repetitive melody with ancestral indigenous overtones.
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Huanquillas de Pariacaca. (s / f). In Peru in yours. Retrieved on November 25, 2017, from peruestuyo.com
UNESCO. (s / f). Andean Music of Life, Work, and Celebration. Retrieved on November 25, 2017, from folkways-media.si.edu
Huaridanza. (s / f). In Pomabamba: Folk Capital of Ancash. Retrieved on November 25, 2017, from capitalfolkloricadeancash.es.tl
The shacshas of Huaraz. (s / f). In From Peru. Retrieved on November 25, 2017, from deperu.com