The 6 Most Popular Dances And Typical Dances Of Chihuahua

The typical dances and dances of Chihuahua, in Mexico, are the result of the adoption of mainly Polish European choreographies. They arrived in Mexico after the conquest and in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries they were exclusive to the oligarchic sectors of society. In the mid-nineteenth century they became popular until they became part of the culture of most of the population.

The northern part of Mexico, where the state of Chihuahua is located, adopted waltzes and polkas and gave them a particular style. Among the main dances, in addition to the polka and waltzes, are the redovas, chotises and mazurcas.

chihuhua dances

Main dances and typical dances of Chihuahua

The polka

The polka comes from Poland and is a dance that came to the state of Chihuahua during the colonial era.

It is common to see women at festivals or parties wearing a large, red and white mascot cloth dress, with a lot of flare, pump-shaped sleeves and a high neck with a lace bib and bow tie.

They also wear a wide ribbon at the waist that fits with a bow, black shoes or northern boots.

The men, generally, dance with a plaid shirt bandana, jeans, boots and a northern hat.

Among the most famous revolutionary polkas and corridos are: Adelita, Marieta, Juana Gallo, Rielera, Revolcada and Jesuita.

La Mazurca

Originally the Mazurca was a ballroom dance of the Polish royal court and nobility and in the same way it reached the culture of the state of Chihuahua, although over time the popular class adopted it completely.

It is danced in pairs and it is a dance of animated character and of great gallantry.

The Vals

This dance arrived in Mexico between 1810 and 1815 and was quickly adopted by the population of Chihuahua.

With independence in 1821, cultural expressions with great German and Viennese influence arrived on the continent, which were adopted within the traditions of the region.

His cadence achieved numerous followers who soon adopted his rhythm to make new compositions.

La Redova

La Redova is of Czech origin. It is a popular dance that was very popular during the second half of the 19th century. It can be described as a combination of waltz and mazurka.

The wardrobe is very similar to that of the polka. The women’s dresses are made of colored fabrics, plain or plaid; men wear cotton trousers and sometimes denim suits.

The Chotís

The chotís is a dance originating in Scotland and was very popular in England and Germany; the English danced it by jumping and the Germans gliding as if they were on a raft.

Later it was adopted in the central zone of Spain and upon reaching the north of Mexico, to the Chihuahua region, it was adopted with great enthusiasm, to later be quite forgotten.

Its main characteristic is the accent on the last beat of the measure.

Tutugurí dance

Traditional indigenous dance, specifically of the Tarahumara, a population located in the Nararachi region in the part of the Sierra Madre Occidental.

This town dances the Tutugúri at harvest time throughout the night. Therefore, it is a ritual for the purpose of offering. The indigenous Matachines usually dance this dance at Easter to the rhythm of the guitar and violin.


  1. Gunkel, AH (2004). The Polka Alternative: Polka as Counterhegemonic Ethnic Practice. Popular Music & Society27 (4), 407-427.
  2. Fergusson, E. (1988). Dancing Gods: Indian Ceremonials of New Mexico and Arizona . UNM Press.
  3. Thomas, AG (1989). Bailes Y Fandangos: Traditional Folk Dances of New Mexico .
  4. Weckmann, L., & Verlinden, C. (1984). The medieval heritage of Mexico  (Vol. 2). Mexico: The College of Mexico.
  5. Bonfiglioli, C., & Bonfiglioli, C. (1995). Pharisees and Matachines in the Sierra Tarahumara: between the Passion of Christ, the comic-sexual transgression and the dances of Conquest .

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