The 5 Most Frequent Temperate Climate Crops

The temperate crops are often found in places where there are extremes in temperature and precipitation of rain and snow. The changes between summer and winter are generally invigorating without being overly extreme.

In a warm temperate climate the warmest temperature is above 10 ° C, while the coldest month is around 18 ° C and -3 ° C. However, in a cold temperate climate the warmest temperature is below of 10 ° C and the coldest month is around -3 ° C.

Orchard temperate climate

Here is a list of the five most common temperate crops that can be found.

The 5 types of cultivation of the temperate climate

1- Corn cultivation

Corn crops around the world have different production cycles when it comes to planting and harvesting times. In turn, the analysis of the corn market requires an understanding of the sowing and harvesting times within each territory.

Grain prices tend to fluctuate more during growing seasons, as supply expectations can change significantly as a result of acreage, climate, and growing conditions.

In the United States, most of the corn crop grows across the fertile plains of the Midwest, which is an incredibly important crop around the world.

And although it is a staple food, in the United States, the world’s largest producing and exporting nation, corn is the main ingredient in the production of ethanol, a substitute for gasoline.

That means our cars depend on this corn for fuel. Therefore, the price of corn can be sensitive to the price of crude oil and petroleum products.

Each year the annual corn harvest determines the price of the grain, which varies depending on the weather. In fact, farmers often use the futures market to hedge the price of corn throughout the growing process.

Other factors that contribute to corn price volatility are ethanol prices, crop yields in other producing countries, and the relative value of the US dollar.

Normally, a priori, the southernmost areas begin to plant corn, and the northernmost regions do so when the snows melt and the ground thaws. Along these lines, the main growing areas in the world are the following:

The United States with 39 percent of world production, its plantation begins in April and continues until June. Its harvest takes place in October and ends at the end of November.

China, with 21 percent of world production, its planting begins in mid-March until early June. Harvesting the harvest from August to October.

The European Union holds 8 percent of world production and carries out its planting from mid-April to early June. The harvest, on the other hand, is harvested from August to the end of October. 

Brazil, has 6 percent of world production, plants from the beginning of August to November and harvests from February to May. 

Argentina, with 3 percent of world production, plants from October to November and harvests from March to May. 

2- Wheat cultivation

Wheat crops grow around the world and have unique production cycles when it comes to planting and harvesting seasons.

Grain prices tend to fluctuate more during the growing season, as supply expectations can change significantly due to acreage, climate, and growing conditions.

In the United States and China there are two seasonal wheat crops: spring wheat and winter wheat.

Winter wheat accounts for nearly three-quarters of total United States production. Specifically, North Dakota accounts for more than half of all spring wheat in the United States.

The largest winter wheat producing states are Kansas, Texas, and Washington. The seasonal calendar for the planting and harvesting of wheat crops around the world in the major producing nations is:

The United States, with 8 percent of world production, plants winter wheat in mid-August through October, harvesting from mid-May to mid-July. 

Instead, spring wheat is sown from April to May, harvesting from mid-August to mid-September. 

China has  18 percent of world production and harvests its winter wheat from mid-September to mid-October. Its harvest takes place from mid-May to June. 

On the other hand, he sows his spring wheat from mid-March to April, harvesting it from mid-July to mid-August. 

Wheat is perhaps the most political product in the world because it is used to make the most basic food, bread. While the United States is the world’s largest producer and exporter of corn and soybeans, wheat production comes from all corners of the earth.

Apart from China and the United States as important producers, the European Union, India, Russia, Canada, Pakistan, Australia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan are also important producers of the grain consumed throughout the world.

Global population increases in recent decades have caused a growing demand for wheat. If in 1960, there were three billion people on planet Earth, in 2016, there are more than 7.2 billion.

Every year the world requires more bread and this increases the global demand for wheat. That is the essence of its role as the most political commodity.

Below is a list of foods that can also be found in temperate crops.

3- Barley cultivation

Barley is a hardy cereal, grown in a number of environments where other grains cannot grow – from arctic latitudes and alpine altitudes to saline oases in the desert.

Barley is the fourth most important cereal crop in the world after wheat, corn and rice. Although generally a temperate cereal, barley is also grown in many tropical countries, typically by poor farmers in harsh, dry and cool environments.

Developing countries account for about 18% of world production and 25% of harvested area of ​​barley.

4- Growing tomatoes

Tomatoes are easy to grow and are becoming an increasingly popular crop. Most tomatoes are plants from warm temperate climates.

Tomato temperature tolerance for extreme heat or cold climates is extremely important in flower and fruit development. Flower drop occurs in the spring if daytime temperatures are warm, but if nighttime temperatures drop below 55 ° F (13 ° C), the tomato plant will suffer damage and fruit will be lost.

Also, when the nights get too hot, the pollen grains of the tomato flower begin to burst, thwarting pollination. This also happens when the air is saturated with a relative humidity.

5- Growing onions

Onion is one of the most important commercial vegetables in the world. It is used both in the raw and mature bulb phase, as well as in the vegetable and species phase.

The pungency in onion is due to a volatile oil known as allylproopyldisulfide. The onion bulb consists of the swollen bases of green foliage leaves and fleshy scales.

Onion is a temperate crop and is grown during the winter and before the true hot season begins. Onion can be grown in a wide range of climatic conditions although better harvests are not achieved in a mild season without extremes of heat or cold.

References

  1. Kowalski, C. (2017). Corn Planting and Harvest Seasons. 2-10-2017, from thebalance.com Website: thebalance.com.
  2. Farm Journal, Inc .. (2017). Corn News & Future Prices. 10-2-2017, from AG Web Website: agweb.com.
  3. Kowalski, C. (2017). Wheat planting and harvest seasons. 2-10-2017, from thebalance.com Website: thebalance.com.
  4. Crop Trust. (2016). Barley. 2-10-2017, from croptrust.com Website: croptrust.org.
  5. Grant, A. (2015). Tomato crops. 10-2-2017, from gardeningknowhow.com Website: gardeningknowhow.com.
  6. Agro Info Editors. (2015). Cultivation of Onion (Allium cepa). 10-2-2017, from AgriInfo.in Website: agriinfo.in.

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