Personal Values: Characteristics, Training And Examples

Personal values are those that define and position the individual within and outside of their environment. They are qualities that are acquired through the development of both individual and collective psycho-affective capacities.

These values ​​are determined by sociocultural factors, by the specific upbringing that each individual has had and perhaps by a genetic predisposition. It is estimated that through personal values ​​individuals can lead a coherent existence.

Empathy and solidarity are very constructive personal values. Source: pixabay.com

It is intended that this existence is oriented to the achievement of individual objectives and that the person manages to become a factor of change, preferably positive, within their community and their environment. As a consequence, having solid personal values ​​generates the development of self-determination to face difficulties and overcome them.

Happiness is the essential objective of existence and is achieved through self-realization, which will be determined mainly by the ability of the individual to relate his life with his personal values.

Article index

  • one

    Socialization processes

  • two

    Characteristics of personal values

    • 2.1

      Enduring

    • 2.2

      Absolute

    • 23

      Ductile

    • 2.4

      Rewarding

    • 2.5

      Organic

    • 2.6

      They can be hierarchical

    • 2.7

      Transcendent

    • 2.8

      Differentiators

    • 2.9

      Complex

  • 3

    How are they formed?

    • 3.1

      Deontology and ethics

  • 4

    Importance

  • 5

    Examples of personal values

    • 5.1

      Faith

    • 5.2

      Discipline

    • 5.3

      Courtesy

    • 5.4

      Gratitude

    • 5.5

      Fidelity

    • 5.6

      Perseverance

    • 5.7

      Self determination

    • 5.8

      Self-control

    • 5.9

      Empathy

    • 5.10

      Passion

    • 5.11

      Tolerance

    • 5.12

      Patience

    • 5.13

      Compassion

    • 5.14

      Solidarity

    • 5.15

      Liberty

    • 5.16

      Prudence

    • 5.17

      Justice

    • 5.18

      Integrity

  • 6

    Themes of interest

  • 7

    References

Socialization processes

The socialization processes, from childhood to adulthood, determine in some way the scale of values ​​of each individual, especially that of personal values.

This is so because each person —generally from trial and error— will gradually identify the values ​​that facilitate coexistence and that, furthermore, drive them towards self-realization.

The attitude of the individual makes the difference to the possibility of achieving or not the success of their purposes.

You must build a system of values ​​and beliefs that encourage you to climb the rungs of a ladder that leads you to achieve your goals without great emotional costs and ensuring your support network, inspiring others to value the sense of opportunity. 

Characteristics of personal values

Enduring

Generally, they remain in time. Once they are consolidated within the individual, they are hardly lost because they become part of his personality.

Absolute

They are not divisible; that is to say, they encompass its entire meaning. They are not reducible because a half value cannot be exercised.

Ductile

They can change according to experience or circumstance and be moved from their priority position by others. This flexibility does not imply that they can be manipulated for convenience.

Rewarding

Its practice generates benefits and satisfaction in the individual. By nature, every human being should act correctly and be at the service of his peers; This gives you a feeling of tranquility and peace.

Organic

Personal values ​​are harmonious and consistent with human nature.

They can be hierarchical

Its importance builds over time. The main or priority values ​​of an individual are established according to the circumstances and are positioned according to the need for their application.

At a certain point in life, those values ​​that occupied the first place may go to the background, due to the emergence of new situations that merit other values ​​in the foreground.

Transcendent

Values ​​extend within a concrete plane and provide meaning to society and human life, giving logical and coherent meaning associated with their ideas.

Differentiators

They outline the individual and distinguish him from others based on his actions, which must correspond to his value scheme.

Complex

Values ​​are subordinate to various causes, and their application is subject to judgments and decisions that express the authenticity and intention of the acts.

How are they formed?

teacher's day speech

Personal values ​​are acquired when socialization processes begin. In the childhood stage, discerning between good and evil is subject to external factors.

That is, at an early age the family defines our conception of what is right or wrong from the notion of reward-punishment, for example: punishment implies an act of obedience and the reward implies satisfaction.

Later, in other areas such as school, the social order is governed by laws and norms; Respect for authority, seeking approval, and identifying individual and collective duties, rights, are essential to be an active part of that community.

Deontology and ethics

From a deontological point of view, the internal duties of the individual regarding his actions —both those that are allowed and those that are not— will be dictated by his conscience as it cements his scale of personal values ​​based on ethics.

Ethics corresponds to the value par excellence and establishes responsibilities for the conscious acts of the social being.

Once the man goes through this dynamic of exchanges, he builds his repertoire of personal values ​​up to those that will guide his actions and govern his behavior.

In this way, he structures a psycho-affective and social profile that indicates the direction of his goals in life, from the most everyday of his existence to his most momentous decisions.

Importance

-Personal values ​​are important because the insertion of the individual will depend on them within the coexistence schemes of the society where they live.  

-They are decisive when making decisions, since they indicate the appropriate path according to the guiding principles of each person.

-They manage to provide security and promote coherence, making the actions of each individual correspond to their thinking. This makes people respect your opinions even if they do not share them and allows you to express yourself without fear of the judgments or disagreements of others, as long as it does not violate the dignity or integrity of others.

-Provide autonomy, stability and emotional maturity, defining the personality and supporting the actions of each individual in favor of a full and balanced life.

-They allow people to interact assertively with other individuals. They are a tool for coexistence and adaptation in the different environments in which they develop.

-They are a guide that can vary over time (since some can mutate) but not essentially, but they adapt to new realities. In this way, they allow the process of assimilation of changes not to be traumatic, but to flow organically.

An example of the above could be the following: for a professional man, power and success can be a priority when he has not started a family; when he is a father, the children and the family tend to displace the first elements. Although the values ​​associated with the professional do not have to be canceled, they can become secondary.

Examples of personal values

There are hundreds of personal values ​​and each one is determined by what each person believes and feels is important to him or herself. Below we will cite some personal values ​​with their basic statements:

Faith

It is the value that sustains our ideals. It gives us confidence and security, and is a source of energy and discipline that enhances the meaning of life.

Discipline

It supports order and the desire to improve, allows the development of virtues and the expression of talents.

Courtesy

It allows to express respect, affection and attention towards others

Gratitude

It allows you to reciprocate and show affection to someone who has given their help in a selfless way to solve a situation or to cope with it.

Fidelity

It allows to assume the acquired commitments and maintain them over time, avoiding disappointment.

Perseverance

It is the ability of a person to overcome himself and his limitations in the face of difficulty, and insist until he achieves what he has proposed.

Self determination

It is a personal achievement that allows the individual to manage their own life through a criterion built from experience and the need to be independent.

Self-control

It allows self-regulation in situations that could alter our emotional balance. It keeps us safe from the consequences of acting without reason.

Empathy

Empathy allows the individual to identify or understand others and their realities, in order to support and motivate them.

Passion

It is a virtue that each person experiences by giving themselves body and soul to that which fills and satisfies them, trying to do so fully and pleasantly.

Tolerance

It is an indispensable coexistence value, since it forces us to respect and not question the beliefs, practices or ideas of others that differ diametrically from ours.

Patience

Allow adverse or difficult circumstances to be dealt with calmly and with measure. It gives strength and makes the individual understand the nature of events.

Compassion

It strengthens the value of solidarity and makes it possible to have the disposition to help, alleviate or reduce the harm that others suffer.

Solidarity

It reinforces the capacity for cooperation between several people through the willingness to offer help and collaboration in favor of a cause, whether common or not.

Liberty

It gives the individual the opportunity to act according to their criteria and express their way of thinking.

Prudence

Strengthens the ability to be assertive, moderate, fair and reflective to always act with caution, respecting others and thinking sensibly.

Justice

It inclines the person to act and make judgments based on the truth and granting each person what belongs to him, in an equitable manner and aimed at safeguarding his dignity.  

Integrity

It provides the individual with the virtue of being a trustworthy person for others.

Themes of interest

Types of securities.

Human values.

Antivalues.

Universal values.

Sociocultural values.

Moral values.

Spiritual values.

Aesthetic values.

Material values.

Intellectual values.

Instrumental values.

Political values.

Cultural values.

Hierarchy of values.

Priority values.

Transcendental values.

Objective values.

Vital values.

Ethical values.

Priority values.

Religious values.

Civic values.

Social values.

Corporate values.

References

  1. Bailón G Luis H. “Theory of moral development” in Contributions to the social sciences. Retrieved on March 12, 2019 from Contributions to Social Sciences: net
  2. “Patience as Value” in Being and Human. Retrieved on March 12, 2019 from Ser y Humano: seryhumano.com
  3. Mosquera Ingrid Tolerancia, an indispensable value for life: how can you work in the classroom and from home? ” in Unir Magazine. Retrieved on March 12, 2019 in Unir Magazine: unir.net
  4. Nozick Robert. “Philosophical explanations” in Google Books. Retrieved on March 12, 2019 from Googles Books: google.co.ve
  5. Agostini Ivelisse “Moral Value: Freedom” in Pleasures. Retrieved on March 12, 2019 from Placerespr: com

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