Agriculture Of The Caribbean Region: Main Crops

The agriculture Colombia Caribbean region  is characterized by cultivation products such as bananas, cotton, corn and rice. 
The cultivation of other agricultural lines such as banana, sorghum, coffee, cocoa, cassava, African palm and fruits is also very important in its economy.

Despite having lost preponderance in the regional economy in recent decades, the agricultural sector continues to be part of its economic base, along with the livestock, mining, industrial, tourism and maritime transport sectors.

This region has very fertile soils of high variability, especially in the eastern zone and in the Sinú and Alto San Jorge valleys.

Vast territories are dedicated to agriculture in the departments of Atlántico, Córdoba, César, Magdalena, Sucre, Bolívar, La Guajira, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Urabá Antioqueño.

Main Agricultural Items in the Caribbean Region


The cultivation of bananas and the banana industry have an important history in this region of Colombia, since the days of the United Fruit Company .

This export product is grown in Urabá Antioqueño and in the departments of La Guajira and Magdalena. It occupies a cultivated area of ​​48,325 hectares.


Cotton has been grown in this region since colonial times. It is sown once a year, between the months of August and October.

Its harvest ends in March of the following year and is produced in the departments of Atlántico, Bolívar, Córdoba, Cesar, La Guajira, Sucre and Magdalena.


This important item is grown mainly in Magdalena and Urabá in Antioquia.

The region has a high consumption of this product, which is part of the daily diet of the population and is combined with almost all dishes.


The departments of Córdoba and Magdalena are among the largest corn producers in Colombia.

This crop is part of the daily diet of the Colombian, since time immemorial.


Rice cultivation is very important in Colombia, due to its high consumption.

In the Caribbean region this product is one of the most cultivated, especially in the departments of Cesar and Magdalena.

African palm

The cultivation of the African palm has spread to the departments of Cesar and Magdalena, which are among the largest producers in the country.

Palm oil for multiple uses in the food industry is extracted from this plant.

Sugar cane

The department of Bolívar is an important producer of this export item, which is processed in its sugar mills.


Although the Caribbean region does not appear among the large producers of Colombian coffee, however, its cultivation extends through the departments of Cesar, Magdalena, La Guajira and Bolívar.


The cultivation and consumption of cassava is widespread in this region and is part of the daily diet of the population.

Other agricultural items grown in the region are: beans, sorghum, chili peppers, squash, aubergine, onion, melon, pepper, cucumber, watermelon, millet, tomato, pumpkin and yam.


  1. Caribbean Region (Colombia). Retrieved October 20, 2017 from
  2. Composition of the economy of the Caribbean region of Colombia.
  3. Colombia: its main crops and agro-ecological zones. Consulted of
  4. Agudelo Velásquez, Leonardo. The banana industry and the beginning of the social conflicts of the 20th century. Recovered from
  5. Agribusiness in Colombia: Production. Consulted of
  6. Varón, Carlos (2014): The Caribbean Is Also Coffee. Consulted from
  7. Almost a quarter of the country’s exports come from the Caribbean. (sf) Consulted

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button